HISTORIOGRAPHICAL TRENDS IN STUDYING A RUSSIAN COUNTY CITY IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURYAbstract. The article presents a review of the key trends in studying the Russian provincial city of the period 1800–1861, starting with the early stages of the formation of Russian historical urban studies to modern concepts of contemporary Russian science, which introduce new criteria to determine the structure and stages of the development of Russian urban history. The author proposes the periodization of historiographical research divided into five blocks, in each of which keyareas of research are indicated and justified.
THE JEWISH POPULATION OF KOLOMNA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIXTH – EARLY XXTH CENTURIES: DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTSAbstract. The article discusses the status of the Jewish diaspora in the county town of Kolomna of the Moscow province in the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries. A detailed analysis of Russian legislation made it possible to trace the government’s policy towards Jews in the second half of the 19th century. Archival materials on the issue include office documentation and statistics extracted from the funds of the Kolomna county police department, the Moscow provincial statistical committee and the Moscow Treasury Chamber of the Central State Archives of Moscow. Unpublished sources supplemented by statistics and data from the All-Russian Census of 1897 were introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, which made it possible to: a) identify the changes in the size of the Jewish population and b) conduct a comparative study of the national and religious composition of Kolomna and other county cities of the province.
HISTORICAL LESSONS OF THE SECOND ARTSAKH (NAGORNO-KARABAKH) WAR OF 2020Abstract. The article explores the history of the latest armed conflicts and local wars on the post-Soviet territory. The subject of the study is the trends in the development of modern wars (based on the materials of the events in Transcaucasia in 2020). The article aims to study the development of the conflict in Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) as a typical hot spot of the post-Soviet space. The key methodology is the philosophy of practice with its inherent principles of historicism, consistency and objectivity. Inter subject communication is also widely used. The relevance of the work is determined by the need for the Russian Federation to reflect hybrid threats to its security and the involvement in scientific circulation of new factual material on modern military history. An important part of military history is their “hybridization”, i.e. modern methods of influencing the enemy acquire the character of hybrid wars. Among other things, “color” quasi-revolutions are an integral part of them. The article provides evidence that Armenia was exposed to the technologies of “color” quasi-revolutions, but the ruling class of the republic did not draw conclusions from this. However, in addition to “nonviolent” means of influence, the arsenal of hybrid wars also includes the direct use of armed force in various formats, scale and nature. A specific feature of armed violence is the use of the latest means of warfare, such as drones, even at the local level. It was this strategy based on the latest high-tech weapons of destruction that Turkey and Azerbaijan used, whereas Armenia and Artsakh relied on old-fashioned military equipment, Soviet in most cases, with some contemporary Russian modifications. The defeat in the second Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) war was a heavy blow not only to Armenia, but also to the interests of the Russian Federation.
PLANNING FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN A BUDGETARY INSTITUTIONAbstract. The article dwells on the issues of planning financial and economic activities in budgetary institutions. It discusses the basic concepts, principles and procedure for drawing up a plan in accordance with accepted and approved changes and requirements. Since all budgetary and autonomous institutions, without exception, are required to work according to a financial and economic activity plan, the state has established clear requirements for the formation, content and approval of a financial and economic activity plan.In 2022 and 2023, a number of adjustments were made to the existing regulatory documents that guide institutions when drawing up plans for financial and economic activities. Starting from 2023, budgetary institutions draw up their plans taking into account the new rules.
RATIONAL FINANCIAL BEHAVIOR AND REDUCING FINANCIAL FETISHISM AS A CONDITION FOR ENSURING FINANCIAL SECURITYAbstract. Despite the availability of publications in the field of financial behavior research, there is currently a lack of developments on the issues under consideration. It prevents us from comprehending and finding solutions to the long-standing problems of modernizing educational, instructional and information youth policy, which contributes to the formation of a generation consumers whose financial behavior complies with the sustainable development paradigm, in terms of financial education and upbringing. Therefore, the article considers the issue of studying rational financial behavior and reducing financial fetishism as a condition for ensuring financial security. Financial behavior is defined as both the social and economic behaviour of a person in the selection and implementation of financial strategies based on economic, social and ethical criteria. It can take the form of deviant financial behavior, expressed in a person’s evasion of legal and ethical standards due to defects in financial literacy and financial education. The problem of reducing deviation in the field of financial behavior is of key importance in the study of the rationality of financial behavior. This issue is rather ideological and educational, and concerns the degradation of broad sections of the population. Financial fetishism is the psychological basis of the strategy of financial behavior in the era of mass consumer society. It is based on the sacralization of quick financial success, which takes on exaggerated forms and damageshuman spiritual development. The use of scientific methods to form and implement the educational, instructive and information youth policy in Russia in the field of improving financial literacy and financial culture involves compiling a list of measures to develop socially responsible financial behavior of young people for it to be included in program documents and action plans of the departments and organizations in charge.
STRATEGIES FOR MARKETPLACE REGULATION ON THE EUROPEAN UNION MARKETAbstract. The article discusses the instruments for regulating the development processes on the modern consumer market of marketplaces as a new form of organizing systemic trade. The latter are turning today into intermediaries between buyers and manufacturers, on the one hand, and sellers of goods and services, on the other hand. The article provides evidence that the very concept of “marketplace” is interpreted too broadly by the European regulator, including both individuals and legal entities offering online intermediation services to business users. However, only systemically important marketplaces that provide services under the P2B2C scheme are subject to regulation. The authors provide a detailed analysis of the regulatory instruments by studying the example of the EU and German markets, based on the current legislative framework.
WAYS OF CREATING THE SPEECH PORTRAIT OF AN AUTISTIC CHILD IN MARK HADDON’S NOVEL «THE CURIOUS INCIDENT OF THE DOG IN THE NIGHT-TIME»Abstract. The article explores the problem of studying the speech characteristics of a literary character. It is common knowledge that a speech portrait plays the key role in an artistic image, since speech is an important element of a literary hero. The appearance of a child character in the role of the narrator in literary texts is increasingly attracting interest from researchers. However, little attention has been paid to studying the speech of a child character, especially his or her developmental features, which determines the relevance of the present work.
WAYS OF CORRELATION OF THE PHRASEOLOGICAL TITLE WITH A TEXT OF THE POEMPHRASE POETIC GENREAbstract. The article explores the correlation of the phraseological title with a text of the poemphrase genre. A poemphrase is a poetic work, the source and the formal semantic base of which is a phraseological unit, whereas the content part reveals its creative potential. The article is based on the author’s material (more than 60 texts of this genre created in 2015–2022. The study aims to analyse the creative potential of a phraseological title in the genre of poemphrase.
CITATION AS A PRECEDENT PHENOMENON IN ADVERTISING TEXTS (GERMAN-BASED STUDY)Abstract. The article presents an analysis of the use of quotes as a precedent phenomenon in German advertising texts. The study aims to identify the linguistic and pragmatic characteristics of advertising texts on the basis of German advertisements, as well as to analyze the role of quotes as an effective way of speech impact in them.