NOTARY SERVICES IN MOSCOW REGION DURING THE NEW ECONOMIC POLICY AND INDUSTRIALIZATIONAbstract. The article intends to show that the processes that took place in the notary service of Moscow region reflected the state of notary business throughout the country. Soviet authorities had control over the activities of the notaries. Decisions of government bodies regarding the notaries were often characterized by significant extemporaneousness, which often resulted in sever staff shortage. Experiments in the system of notary bodies in the 1920s interrupted the traditions of the pre-revolutionary notary services. During this period, the state reduced the notary service to a tool, used for its immediate needs, particularly in the financial sector. In the times of the New Economic Policy the state attempted to maximize the profit for the operations of notary offices. Notary offices were at the time mostly tasked with the certification of transactions and contracts. In the early years of industrialization and collectivization, notary offices organized socialist competitions and anti-bureaucracy campaigns. Under the regulations adopted in the second half of the 1920s all funds earned by notaries went directly to the state budget and then used to build various factories and plants. The subsequent general nationalization and abolition of private land ownership led to a decrease in notary activities, which now boiled down to the certification of copies of documents. This led to a decline income of the notary offices. The fact that the notaries were funded far inferior to need, lead to the drop in the number of notaries. These processes and the general ideological environment led to a campaign to eliminate notary offices as a concept the country in general and the Moscow region in particular. According to the Regulation on the public notary office of 1930, notary powers were now handed over to local authorities.
METHODOLOGICAL FEATURES OF HISTORICAL PAST RECONSTRUCTIONAbstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of methodological approaches to understanding the nature of the reconstruction of the historical past, developed in the theory of historical knowledge. The author describes in detail the methodological possibilities and problems of using this procedure in a historical study.
On CENTRAL NON-BLACK EARTH BELT RUSSIA IN THE TIME OF RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR (1917–1922)Abstract. Active hostilities during the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922 were conducted in the south of Russia, in Siberia, the North and other peripheral areas of the former Russian Empire, while the central regions with the Great Russian population were tightly controlled by the Bolsheviks. The article analyzes the dynamics of the civil confrontation in the Central Non-Black Earth Region, which was spared the fate of becoming the front line of the Civil War. The article suggests a classification of anti-Bolshevik protest activities in the region. The subject of the article is the socio-political situation in the central provinces during the Civil War.
PLACE OF BUSINESS IN THE MODERN SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEM OF RUSSIA
FORMATION OF EFFECTIVE MODEL OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL CAPITAL AND ARCTIC RENT
Abstract. Sharp aggravation of various problems in the global economy, sparkles interest in the fundamental theory of natural, mining as well as oil and gas rent. The practice of its application in the modern realities of the periodic manifestations of the world economic crisis and the "failures" of the domestic version of the liberal model of the economy is subject to revision. We also see a competition of concepts of origin of hydrocarbons. This demonstrates the relevance of the topic of research, the need to improve economic theory and the desire of scientists to realize scientific potential in the direction of the efficient and rational use of natural resources. A number of studies have also shown a tendency to justify the unreasonable return to authoritative economy. Within the framework of "Regulation of rental relations with the use of subsoil resources,” school of thought, the results of current research on the formation of an effective model for the strategic management of natural capital and rents of the Arctic are presented. In particular, the theory and methodology of the formation of super-profits, including Arctic rents for mineral resources. The authors consider it scientifically sound and effective to give mineral resources the status of civil property as an environment of life support for society. At the same time, the ownership of mineral resources remains in public domain , they are managed by the state, and the assignment of natural rent by each citizen is carried out personally. Thus, the article proposes the mechanism of realization of civil form of ownership and methodology of rent assessment.
In the research of our school of thought, the theory and methodology of evaluation, use and efficiency of reproduction of mineral and raw material capital, mining and oil and gas rent are developed; civil ownership of the subsoil as the environment of life support of society, the basis of a mixed socially oriented regulated planned economy is substantiated. Within the framework of research, the problem of forming economic policy, creating an effective model for strategic management of natural capital and rent of the Arctic is being solved.
Keywords: Arctic, resources, rent, capital, methodology, society, state, property.
FOOD SECURITY INDICATORS AND RISKS
RECEPTION OF GRAPHIC CANCELLATION IN COMMUNICATIVE SPACE OF TELEGRAM CHANNELS
LEXICAL MEANS OF CREATING COMIC EFFECT: ISSUES OF TRANSLATIONAbstract. The present paper is an attempt to analyze the lexical means of creating comic effect in English. The examples of such lexical means were taken from a 2012-2016 Disney animated series Gravity Falls by Alex Hirsch. Having analyzed the transcript of the two seasons of the series mentioned, we come to the conclusion that the level of lexis was characterized by an abundance of stylistic devices and expressive means which created a comic effect. At the lexical level the comic effect was achieved though the consistent use of tropes, i.e. metaphor, epithet, metonymy, etc., idioms, neologisms and archaisms, as well as through play on polysemy. It is worth noting that the mixing of styles - the use of neutral, colloquial and profane language, inappropriate for the communicative situation - also creates a comic effect. A comparative analysis of the transcript of the original animated film and its translations - the official one made for dubbing by Audio Production Recording Studio and the unofficial one made by Dmitry Syenduk, a YouTube videoblogger - showed that in some cases the comic effect based on the use of lexical means was omitted or partially neutralized. In some cases, the viewer may perceive comicality from the context of situations preceding the joke. Sometimes, the comic effect is completely neutralized. Such difficulties most often arise in the cases of wordplay. Thus, it can be assumed that the difficulty in translation of wordplay be explained not only by the differences in the structure of languages, but also by linguistic and cultural differences in general: the images behind the jokes often turn out to be specific to the culture of the source language, which determines the impossibility of translation.
ADJECTIVAL PERSONIFICATION IN GERMAN LITERATUREAbstract. This article is devoted to the description of the mechanism for creating adjectival personification in a German-literary text. The subject of the study are adjectives in the personifying function in attributive and predicative constructions. The purpose of the study is to describe the mechanism of formation of images, where the adjective is the main personifier using the morphological classification of metaphors . The relevance of the study is determined by the part-of-speech approach to the classification of personifications and the use of the grammar-semantic method of component analysis of the collected practical material. The main research methods are the continuous sampling method, contextual analysis, structural-semantic analysis, statistical analysis. Conclusions: the study showed that adjectives stand in German in second place in terms of the frequency of their use as a personifier, second only to the verb. The obtained results of the study can be used in conducting lecture and seminar classes on the style of the German language, in developing courses of choice related to the interpretation of texts of various functional styles, as well as in writing articles, course and graduate qualification works.