Galkina Olga Igorevna

PhD in History, Associate Professor
Associate Professor of the Department of Russian and World History and Municipal Management

State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Russia

e-mail: galkina@yandex.ru


Abstract. The article intends to show that the processes that took place in the notary service of Moscow region reflected the state of notary business throughout the country. Soviet authorities had control over the activities of the notaries. Decisions of government bodies regarding the notaries were often characterized by significant extemporaneousness, which often resulted in sever staff shortage. Experiments in the system of notary bodies in the 1920s interrupted the traditions of the pre-revolutionary notary services. During this period, the state reduced the notary service to a tool, used for its immediate needs, particularly in the financial sector. In the times of the New Economic Policy the state attempted to maximize the profit for the operations of notary offices. Notary offices were at the time mostly tasked with the certification of transactions and contracts. In the early years of industrialization and collectivization, notary offices organized socialist competitions and anti-bureaucracy campaigns. Under the regulations adopted in the second half of the 1920s all funds earned by notaries went directly to the state budget and then used to build various factories and plants. The subsequent general nationalization and abolition of private land ownership led to a decrease in notary activities, which now boiled down to the certification of copies of documents. This led to a decline income of the notary offices. The fact that the notaries were funded far inferior to need, lead to the drop in the number of notaries. These processes and the general ideological environment led to a campaign to eliminate notary offices as a concept the country in general and the Moscow region in particular. According to the Regulation on the public notary office of 1930, notary powers were now handed over to local authorities.
Keywords: notary service, notary, notary actions, notary offices, socialist competitions of notary offices.
Davydov Vyacheslav Alexandrovich

PhD in Philosophy
Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophy, History, Political Science and Law

State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Russia

e-mail: va.davydov@bk.ru


Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of methodological approaches to understanding the nature of the reconstruction of the historical past, developed in the theory of historical knowledge. The author describes in detail the methodological possibilities and problems of using this procedure in a historical study.
According to the author, the reconstruction of the historical past should be considered in three aspects: as a holistic process of perception the past social reality, as a special historical method and as a stage in historical knowledge.
Understanding reconstruction as a holistic process of studying the past gives historians great opportunities to comprehensively recreate all the details of historical processes and phenomena. In addition, this approach removes the problem of the correlation of the processes of reproduction/construction of the past. In this case, the reconstruction combines the elements of reproducing past reality in the process of working with historical sources and the elements of constructing history by synthesizing fragmented information obtained from sources and creating a more detailed theoretical scheme, that is, the basis of new knowledge about the past.
Reconstruction as a special historical method also gives historians the tools to fill the gaps in the picture of past social reality. Moreover, the method of reconstruction can be used not only in the study of individual facts, but also in the study of entire historical eras.
Understanding historical reconstruction as one of the stages of historical knowledge gives the historian the opportunity to extract hidden, implicit information from historical sources based on the search for relationships between historical facts.
According to the author, the most rational approach is to understand reconstruction as a holistic process of recreating the historical past, since it reflects all the methodological features of this concept and contributes to the most complete and reliable results in historical research.
Keywords: reconstruction of historical past, methodology of historical research, historical knowledge, historical source, historical fact.
Popov Fedor Alekseevich

PhD in History
assistant Professor of the Department of Contemporary Russian History

Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia

e-mail: popovf1992@mail.ru


Abstract. Active hostilities during the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922 were conducted in the south of Russia, in Siberia, the North and other peripheral areas of the former Russian Empire, while the central regions with the Great Russian population were tightly controlled by the Bolsheviks. The article analyzes the dynamics of the civil confrontation in the Central Non-Black Earth Region, which was spared the fate of becoming the front line of the Civil War. The article suggests a classification of anti-Bolshevik protest activities in the region. The subject of the article is the socio-political situation in the central provinces during the Civil War.
The purpose of the article is to establish the unique features of the confrontation between the population and Soviet power in the Central Non-Black Earth Belt Russia (Moscow, Vladimir, Yaroslavl, Kaluga and other provinces). The article also explores the problems of the influence of the Civil War on the Great Russian population, the ethnographic dimension of revolutionary processes, the "delayed" consequences of the conflict of the "red" and "white "/" green".
Thus, the author attempts to trace the dynamics of the Civil War in a region that did not experience the "real" war between the Red and the White forces. The author concludes that Great Russia is important for the parties to the confrontation, primarily for the Bolsheviks, whose control over the "heart of the country" served as the key to their ultimate victory. At the same time, Bolsheviks experienced serious resistance in the region (peasant and city uprisings, desertion, white underground resistance), which shatters the stereotype of the Great Russian population's loyalty to the Soviet regime. Moreover, the consequences of the conflict were still felt years after the formal end of the Civil War. These consequences have survived in the political memory of the population up until now, and are often manifested in the disputes over Soviet place names in the cities of Central Non-Black Earth Belt Region. The findings of the article can be used in further studies in the field of Region Studies.
Keywords: civil war, Central Russia, Central Non-Black Earth Belt region, Regional Studies, anti-Bolshevik uprisings, Great Russians.


Kryuchkov Alexander Nikolaevich

General Director of JSC ZhilStroyProekt Property Management Company

Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Management and Economics

State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Russia

e-mail: kru4kov@mail.ru


Abstract. The article explores topical issues of social insurance and the role of business entities in the social insurance system. At this stage of historical development, socio-economic relations between business entities are undergoing significant changes, and perhaps return to the origins of classical political economy. At the same time, a characteristic feature of this period is the formation of new causal relationships or laws of social and economic phenomena, taking into account various external, internal, as well as social, political, technological, economic, environmental and epidemiological factors. The management of a modern enterprise requires its management to comprehensively understand the changes that are taking place, scientific research in related subject fields of corporate and social responsibility. The responsible business partner conducts civilized and transparent business according to the rules of the "game," enshrined in contractual relations and the legislation of the Russian Federation. To understand the responsibility of the enterprise to the society and the state, shareholders and other social and economic actors, it is necessary, first of all, to understand the industry and in the sphere of activity where the business operates. Secondly, it is necessary to focus on current legislation. Thirdly, it is important to take into account the interests of all parties without exception, in order to meet their material and intangible needs. It should be noted that there are no universal methods for interacting with partners, employees, creditors, since all are purely individual for each corporate person. Nevertheless, in order for an enterprise to function successfully in the market, it is necessary to know the history of the development of corporate and social responsibility.
Keywords: social insurance, social insurance system, business structure, state extrabudgetary funds, insurance premiums.
Razovsky Yuri Viktorovich

PhD, Habil. in Economics, Full Professor
Professor, of the Department of Theory and Management Organization

Gzhel State University, Gzhel, Russia

e-mail: renta11@yandex.ru

Ruban Mark Stanislavovich

Ph.D. in Economics
Associate Professor of the Department of Management and Economics

State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Russia

e-mail: markruban777@mail.ru


Abstract. Sharp aggravation of various problems in the global economy, sparkles interest in the fundamental theory of natural, mining as well as oil and gas rent. The practice of its application in the modern realities of the periodic manifestations of the world economic crisis and the "failures" of the domestic version of the liberal model of the economy is subject to revision. We also see a competition of concepts of origin of hydrocarbons. This demonstrates the relevance of the topic of research, the need to improve economic theory and the desire of scientists to realize scientific potential in the direction of the efficient and rational use of natural resources. A number of studies have also shown a tendency to justify the unreasonable return to authoritative economy. Within the framework of "Regulation of rental relations with the use of subsoil resources,” school of thought, the results of current research on the formation of an effective model for the strategic management of natural capital and rents of the Arctic are presented. In particular, the theory and methodology of the formation of super-profits, including Arctic rents for mineral resources. The authors consider it scientifically sound and effective to give mineral resources the status of civil property as an environment of life support for society. At the same time, the ownership of mineral resources remains in public domain , they are managed by the state, and the assignment of natural rent by each citizen is carried out personally. Thus, the article proposes the mechanism of realization of civil form of ownership and methodology of rent assessment.

In the research of our school of thought, the theory and methodology of evaluation, use and efficiency of reproduction of mineral and raw material capital, mining and oil and gas rent are developed; civil ownership of the subsoil as the environment of life support of society, the basis of a mixed socially oriented regulated planned economy is substantiated. Within the framework of research, the problem of forming economic policy, creating an effective model for strategic management of natural capital and rent of the Arctic is being solved.

Keywords: Arctic, resources, rent, capital, methodology, society, state, property.

Chumakova Ekaterina Alexandrovna

PhD in Economics
Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Finance

Volgograd Institute of Management - Volograd campus of the
Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Volgograd, Russia

e-mail: chumakova.ea@mail.ru

Shamrai-Kurbatova Lidiya Viktorovna

PhD in Economics
Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs and Quality Management
Head of the Department of Economics and Management

Chief Research Fellow at the Department of Science and Research Management.

Volgograd Institute of Business, Volgograd, Russia

e-mail: shamraylv@yandex.ru


Abstract. Existing systems of food security indicators analysis and assessment in Russia do not cover all areas of risk, due to problems and threats arising under current conditions. The aim of our study is to establish an integrated system of statistical and econometric models for assessing and forecasting food security in the current environment, which determines the relevance of the topic of this work. The subject of the study is a scientific and methodological tool for statistical and econometric forecasting of food security of the Russian Federation. The paper uses summary and grouping methods, classification analysis, prediction and tabular analysis method. The study systematized food security risks in a modern environment based on food production and consumption. Indicators have been identified for the assessment of food security, grouped into in-kind indicators: absolute per capita food production/consumption; Relative indicators of the relative level of food production/consumption with normalized indicators of the optimal (basic) level of consumption/production and consumption; socio-demographic - indicators of the dynamics of labor resources employed in the field of food production, the dynamics of the number and ratio of rural and urban population, labor resources living in rural areas, population reproduction, etc. The directions of promising development of the food security system in Russia are also proposed.
Keywords: products, food security, indicators, indicators, risk factors.

Budaragina Elena Ivanovna

PhD in Linguistics
Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Russian Language and Culture

of Speechat Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

e-mail: budaragina.elena@mail.ru


Abstract. The article explores the peculiarities of Telegramm journalism, which has gained a lot of momentum in recent years. The subject of the present study is the phenomenon of cancel culture, which dominates modern communication. Cancel culture dominates a variety of fields, ranging from culture, economics, politics, to the graphic design of TG posts. Methods of graphic cancellation are diverse: quotation marks, strikethrough, hidden text. The article shows the main approaches to studying these graphics tools, as well as the terms that were introduced (literal, quasi-substitution, imaginary editing, antifrasis). The functionality of graphical cancellation techniques has significantly expanded. This is not only a means of creating antifrasis, but also a way of strengthening it, imitating text editing, creating the effect of "breaking news." By striking, either implicit predication is realized, as a result of which two or more features are attributed to the subject, and their priority varies, or negative predication, when the feature, on the contrary, is excluded. Liturative highlites the semantics of the selected words, focuses on the main, from the point of view of the author, participates in the implementation of the reception of ridicule, creates the effect of irony. Imaginary editing organizes polyphony of text and is a means of exposing the reception of semantic manipulation, exposes text implicatures. With the help of liturative, a precedent is introduced into a concise statement, significantly expanding the semantic field, building historical parallels that adjust the interpretation vector. In addition to strikethrough, the article considers reception, the implementation of which is possible only in the conditions of using modern technical means of communication - a hidden text. Its use allows us to comply with etiquette standards, preserving the expressive possibilities of profanity. The hidden font is used to draw the attention of the addressee to the priority nomination and connotation, exposes information that is not accepted to be voiced. As illustrations, text fragments from various TG channels collected during 2022 are used.
Keywords: strikethrough, literal, Internet communication, polyphony, graphic reception, quasi-substitution, imaginary reflection, antifrasis.
Reztsova Svetlana Alekseevna

PhD in Pedagogy, Associate Professor
Head of the Department of Linguistics and Cross-Cultural Communication

State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Russia

e-mail: svetareztsova@rambler.ru


Abstract. The present paper is an attempt to analyze the lexical means of creating comic effect in English. The examples of such lexical means were taken from a 2012-2016 Disney animated series Gravity Falls by Alex Hirsch. Having analyzed the transcript of the two seasons of the series mentioned, we come to the conclusion that the level of lexis was characterized by an abundance of stylistic devices and expressive means which created a comic effect. At the lexical level the comic effect was achieved though the consistent use of tropes, i.e. metaphor, epithet, metonymy, etc., idioms, neologisms and archaisms, as well as through play on polysemy. It is worth noting that the mixing of styles - the use of neutral, colloquial and profane language, inappropriate for the communicative situation - also creates a comic effect. A comparative analysis of the transcript of the original animated film and its translations - the official one made for dubbing by Audio Production Recording Studio and the unofficial one made by Dmitry Syenduk, a YouTube videoblogger - showed that in some cases the comic effect based on the use of lexical means was omitted or partially neutralized. In some cases, the viewer may perceive comicality from the context of situations preceding the joke. Sometimes, the comic effect is completely neutralized. Such difficulties most often arise in the cases of wordplay. Thus, it can be assumed that the difficulty in translation of wordplay be explained not only by the differences in the structure of languages, but also by linguistic and cultural differences in general: the images behind the jokes often turn out to be specific to the culture of the source language, which determines the impossibility of translation.
Keywords: animated film, the comic, lexical devices and expressive means, transfer, transformations.
Serebryakova Ekaterina

PhD in Linguistics
Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of German and Romanesque

Languages and Methods of Their Teaching
State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Kolomna, Russia

e-mail: katja-kgpi@mail.ru


Abstract. This article is devoted to the description of the mechanism for creating adjectival personification in a German-literary text. The subject of the study are adjectives in the personifying function in attributive and predicative constructions. The purpose of the study is to describe the mechanism of formation of images, where the adjective is the main personifier using the morphological classification of metaphors . The relevance of the study is determined by the part-of-speech approach to the classification of personifications and the use of the grammar-semantic method of component analysis of the collected practical material. The main research methods are the continuous sampling method, contextual analysis, structural-semantic analysis, statistical analysis. Conclusions: the study showed that adjectives stand in German in second place in terms of the frequency of their use as a personifier, second only to the verb. The obtained results of the study can be used in conducting lecture and seminar classes on the style of the German language, in developing courses of choice related to the interpretation of texts of various functional styles, as well as in writing articles, course and graduate qualification works.
Keywords: personification, adjective, noun, animosity, German.

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